Paramananda Chayengia
Hon'ble Chairman
Mising Autonomous Council
 
The Mising Autonomous Council was established
The Mising Autonomous Council was established
The Mising Autonomous Council was established
 
Scope of works
 
Agriculture:

The MAC area is completely rural and its economy is fully agrarian. It falls in North Bank Plain and Upper Brahmaputra Valley agro-climatic zone. Land is mostly owned by small and marginal farmers practicing subsistence agriculture with single/double crop. Paddy is the staple crop with pockets of cash crop and peripheral crop growers. Farm mechanization is in a very nascent stage. The entire MAC area is flood prone which is a natural deterrent to intensive agriculture. Owing to the uncertainty due to flood, people desist from capital intensive crop. But there is abundance of fallow land, in the form of water meadows which provide ample opportunity for winter crop. Traditionally, a small portion of such available land is used for mustard oil seed and Autumn rice (Ahu) cultivation. With improvement of road connectivity network, effective motivation and well-timed supply of inputs, large number of farmers can be engaged during autumn and winter season on these vast riverine fallow land or water meadows for the following crops:

» Boro rice cultivation
» HYV of Ahu rice cultivation
» Cultivation of HYV potato – Kufri – Pukhraj/Jyoti.
» Cultivation of Toria (TS-36 and TS-38) to replace traditional mustard.
» Introduction of SRI Rice cultivation.

Animal Husbandry & Veterinary:

Steps have been taken to revamp the infrastructure of AH&V deptt., which is in a dilapidated condition in MAC area. 21 Nos of Veterinary Aid Centre/Sub Centres have been newly constructed under plan fund of MAC for the year 2013-14 and more such schemes are being taken up.

Livestock holds an important key to livelihood and economic growth in MAC area as majority tribal population practice piggery on small homestead basis, which are being assisted to develop into organized piggery unit with better breed. Demand for meat is ever increasing which can only be addressed by small scale but large in numbers of poultry farms. Schemes are taken up to train entrepreneurs, SHGs etc. to establish poultry farms with bank linkage. The vast water meadows of Brahmaputra and its tributaries provide ample opportunity for cattle rearing – cow, water buffalo, goat and sheep. The only problem is shelter and feed during flood. Some 40 highland platforms have been constructed during 2013-14 which showed excellent performance during last flood as shelter. There are plans to construct such highland platform in all the water meadows of Brahmaputra river system.

Fisheries:

Fish farming or pisciculture holds immense potentiality as a viable alternative mode of livelihood as well as commercial venture in MAC area due to abundance of natural water bodies like ponds, derelict rivers and rivulets, horse shoe lakes, beels and vast areas of low lands. What is required is awareness and training on Integrated Fish-farming. MAC orgainises awareness meetings for intending fish farmers in coordination with State Fishery deptt. and at other resource centre.

The MAC will take up following steps:

» To conserve all existing natural water bodies for –both conservation and pisciculture.
» Construction of new ponds in feasible area.
» Establishment of eco-hatchery.
» Awareness and training on Integrated Fish-farming.
» Financial assistance through Bank linkage and other Govt. program.
» Co-ordination with state Fishery Deptt and other Agencies for Technical support and asset management.

Handloom & Textiles:

Next to agriculture, handloom is the largest unorganized sector of livelihood. Every women of the Mising community is a weaver and Mising handloom products, particularly women wear, are high on demand in the market owing to its colourful intricate designs and their usable simplicity for women of all other communities. But Mising weavers use the primitive looms of bamboo frame, bamboo reed and through-shuttles which hinder maintenance of quality and quantum of production. The MAC will launch a mission with a 5 years perspective plan on Mising handloom and textile with the following objective.

» Training of Mising weavers on improved fly-shuttle looms and designing with dobby/jacquard machines.
» Construction of a series of Weaving Sheds/Common Facility Centers in select clusters.
»

Taking up of massive skill up-gradation training program followed by supply of inputs to weavers so trained and registered with MAC.
» Assistance to NGOs/SHGs/JLGs sincerely engaged in handloom activities.
» Marketing support to the weavers by organising regular marketing fairs and festivals.
»

Setting up of a Central Computerized R&D centre on Handloom at Gogamukh for Designing, product diversification, Value addition and Data Bank on Mising Handloom.

 

Cottage Industry:

Scheme for infrastructure building and financial support to various cottage industries like Bee keeping, Cane & Bamboo crafts, knitting & embroidery, Pottery, etc. along with skill up-gradation training are executed. Tool kits are procured and distributed among rural artisans, craftsmen etc.

Social Forestry:

Loss of natural forest cover is one of the causes of devastating impact of flood and erosion in MAC area. It has also rendered minor forest produces like – firewood, leaves, edible plants, medicinal plants etc. scarce for the community. MAC is taking up schemes to restore community forest and establish Edible plant and Medicinal Plant Gardens. Plantation along roads and river banks will also be taken up.

Rural Road & Bridges:

Construction, Repairing & Maintenance of rural roads, culverts, bridges, Govt. or Council buildings, other public works etc. which fall under the MAC area are taken up after obtaining NoC and non-duplicity certificate from the concerned deptt.

During 2013-14, 100 Nos. of such construction schemes have been successfully executed.

Sericulture:

Dhemaji and adjoining Lakhimpur district are traditional grower of wild silk – both Muga and Endi. Apart from the silk yarn produced from Muga and Endi rearing, the pupa or chrysalis, particularly of Endi are much sought after delicacy among the indigenous population. Because of its high protein and fat content, the silk pupa serves as a source of nutrition to fight malnutrition among children in rural area. But owing to recurring flood and erosion, scarcity of feeder plant, lack of incentives, market linkage etc. problems, the trade is now gradually dwindling away. What is required now is a massive revamping of sericulture with a holistic approach. There are a good number of Sericulture Farms in MAC area, all in dilapidated condition without fencing/boundary wall and house for the keepers. MAC is drawing plan to revamp sericulture beginning with restoration of all the Govt. farms and taking up community plantation so that scarcity of feeder plants are reduced in the first instance. In this stage, necessary inputs will be provided as incentive to the farmers.

Education:

Education scenario in MAC area is very backward. Most of the educational institutions and academic atmosphere are affected by the following factors:

» Poor and insufficient infrastructure in the academic institutions.
» Poor Connectivity in remote areas.
»

Inefficient and insufficient Teaching personnel.
» Poverty of the rural families etc.
The council will give special thrust on Education in the MAC area as follows:
»

Construction, Repairing & Maintenance of any Educational Institution.
» Grant-in-Aid/Financial assistance to educational institutions.
» Supply of books, uniforms and other educational materials.
» Holding of training, seminar, conduct of educational tour etc. for Teacher and Students.
»

Coordination with the state Education Deptt. for fruitful implementation of Central Govt. and State Govt. program like SSA etc.
» Scholarship to poor but meritorious students.
» Reward to best performing Academic Institution and Teacher.


Cultural Affairs:

The Misings and other indigenous communities inherit a rich folk art and culture which is the most important element of self-identity. But it is under threat of withering away due to lack of proper attention for preservation, promotion and development. The MAC is taking up schemes and program for preservation and practices of the art and culture of Misings and all other communities residing in MAC area.

»

The MAC will give emphasis on research work on Mising Folk Culture and in this regard grant may be provided.
» Setting up of Cultural Complex and Archive at different places.
»

Construction of Auditorium, Kristi Bhawan, Rangamancha etc.
» Grant-in-Aid to Music Institutions, Clubs, Yuvak Sangha, Society etc. engaged in cultural activities.
» Production of Film, Documentary etc.
» Publication of Books
» Musical Instruments to Artist and Institutions.
» Holding of cultural festival etc.

Panchayat & Rural Development:

Construction, Repairing & Maintenance of any socio-economic community assets; rural roads & dykes, highland platform, schools; infrastructure for supporting Agriculture, Horticulture, Pisciculture, Animal husbandry etc.; infrastructural and financial support to SHGs/JLGs, Grant-in-Aid/Financial assistance to NGO etc. are being taken up. Endeavour will be made to coordinate all works with the PRIs for synergy and to avoid duplicity.

 
 
 

The MAC will also make co-ordination with the State P&RD Deptt., NIRD, SIRD, NEDFi and other such institutions for Transfer of Technology, Skill Up-gradation training etc.

 
 
 

PHE:

Drinking water and sanitation are major areas calling for intervention of substantial nature in MAC area. It is a common practice to defecate in the open and drink water from river, pond, nullah etc. in the tribal villages. Demands for installation of shallow/deep tube wells, ring wells and supply of hand tube wells are very high and MAC have no option but to attend to such demands with utmost priority. Community drinking water supply schemes are being taken up in phased manner in select clusters. Public/community toilets in various public places have been constructed.

Irrigation:

Agricultural practices of the majority tribal people of MAC area are still primitive in nature with rain dependent single crop cultivation and the Agriculture department of MAC shall have to introduce organised scientific cultivation with multi crop practice of high yielding varieties. The schemes/works under Irrigation department are to be in tandem with the schemes/works under Agriculture department. Schemes like boring of wells, gully control, digging of channel, construction of bund, water reservoir, procurement of pumps etc are taken up by MAC.

The MAC will seek co-ordination from the state Irrigation Deptt. and other agencies for identification and preparation of works, technical supervision and implementation of works and asset maintenance.

Social Welfare:

Implementation of Central or State sponsored schemes as per Govt. guideline. Besides, schemes for welfare of women, children, old age people, differently able persons are also taken up. Schemes like setting up of old age home, crèche, children parks etc. are being planned.

Water Resource:

Flood and fluvial erosion continues to be the principal problem affecting the entire population of the MAC area. Being entirely low lying flood plains and riverine, the MAC areas get inundated every year by flood of river Brahmaputra and its tributaries and there are regular disasters caused by breach of dykes, washing away of villages, casting thick layers of sand on paddy fields. Tens of thousands of people have been rendered landless and homeless over the last few decades. Such disasters have been happening regularly due to lack of sensible and well-timed maintenance and repairing of the dykes. Lack of response from the appropriate authority in time to supplications for sanction of few lakhs of rupees to repair a damaged dyke has led, on most occasions, to breach of the dyke during flood. The same story holds true for fluvial erosion too, leading to loss of hundreds of hectares of agricultural land. The MAC, as an autonomous body can intervene here very effectively with timely action attending to urgent situations which are not of highly technical nature.

99 Nos. of flood and erosion management schemes have been executed by the Council with an expenditure of Rs. 644.71 lakhs during 2013-14. The works are mostly of RCC porcupine screening, bund construction, raising and strengthening of dykes, construction of bamboo palisades, boulder protection work etc.

Sports & Youth Welfare:

Development of Play ground, Grant-in-Aid to Sports/Youth Club/Associations, supply of sports materials, assistance to individual for participation in various competitions/events etc. have been executed.
Plans are being drawn to set up a water sports complex at Kareng village near Bogibeel Bridge and a modern stadium at Gogamukh.

Tourism:

Four hot tourist destinations fall partly in MAC area – three National Parks – namely Kaziranga, Nameri and Dibru-Saikhowa; and a cultural landscape – the Majuli Island. Besides there are many other areas with potentiality for development as ecotourism, cultural and/or ethno-tourism destination. But the main constraint in development of tourism in MAC area is lack of quality infrastructure and service.

MAC has already constructed three Eco Camps with bamboo cottages and Swiss tents. They are –

»

Me:po Okum at Sitadar village, Majuli – open for tourists.
» Subansiri Eco Camp on the banks of Subansiri river near Gogamukh – open for tourists.
» Agoratoli Eco Camp at Teliabari village near Kaziranga – scheduled for opening in October, 2015.

Proposals for construction of two more Eco Camps with Swiss Tents – one on the banks of Siang river near Jonai and the other at Dharikati village near Nameri NP are under consideration. Packages are being developed for introduction of river cruising on Siang and Subansiri river.

Health & Family Welfare:

The health scenario in MAC area is far from being healthy and health service to the rural populations of remote areas, is still an illusion. The basic objective of Schemes/works under Health & Family Welfare department of MAC is to fill up gaps in NRHM works. There are large numbers of Health Sub-centres in MAC area, particularly in remote riverine areas or river islands/eyots without any house/building and/or Nurse’s quarter. The nurse, posted in such Sub-centers, abstain from duty on the plea of lack of any building/quarter there. Presently, Rural Health Practitioners are being posted in such Sub-centres without any quarter to stay.

27 Nos. of Doctor/Nurse quarters and Health Sub-Centres have been constructed by MAC during 2013-14 with an expenditure of Rs. 166.16 lakhs. More such buildings are planned to be renovated/constructed in phased manner.

WPT&BC:

A wide range of schemes, preferably in coordination with other departments and particularly to fill up gaps are taken up under WPT&BC department. However, as the thrust of MAC would be to remove backwardness, improve infrastructure, health, education, sanitation, drinking water, employment generation and other such supplementary schemes are taken up under WPT&BC. Besides, schemes for strengthening of the voluntary sector, SHGs and Cooperative are also taken up.