The Misings belong to the north Assam branch of the great Tibeto Mongoloid linguistic Family. Other akin groups are Adi, Galong, Pasi, Padam, Minyong etc and all these groups live in Arunachal Pradesh. They settled in the plains of Assam about thousands years back and presently they inhabit the riverine tracts along the Brahmaputra and Subansiri river. Misings have a life closely related to rivers and therefore they can be described as the only riparian tribe of Northeast India.
Life & Culture:
Life & Culture of Mising people revolves around agriculture and fishing. Agriculture practice of the Mising people was originally ‘Jhum’ or slash & burn method. However after settleing down in the plains of Assam they have mastered the art of wet paddy cultivation and at present they are good settled cultivator. Drawing their origin in Jhum cultivation, the main festival of the Mising people is ‘Ali-Aye-Ligang’. Ali means edible root, Aye means seed and Ligang means sowing festival. They celebrate this festival on the first Wednesday of every Falgun month from which date onwards Mising people start cultivation.
The Mising people practice the cult of ‘Do-nyi – Po:lo’ which literally translates in to worshiping the Sun and the Moon. Mising people consider the sun and the moon as the main source of energy for life.
Population and habitation :
Total Mising population in Assam would be around 7 lacs and that in Arunachal would be around 30 thousand. In Assam their habitation are in the districts of Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Sonitpur, Golaghat, Jorhat, Sibsagar, Dibrugarh and Tinsukia and mostly on river banks.